Things are starting to become interesting, over the last couple of days I have been thinking about waves, and trying to understand the difference between particles and waves in terms of Ground Potential.

This has led me in a direction of some interesting possibilities.

Generally when we think of sine waves we think of a symmetrical wave with peaks and throughs of the same size as in the image below.

Above we have \(\psi(U,t)=sin(2\pi{t})\) featuring a sine wave which is symmetric above and below the time axis. In this example we take the classical view and assume zero on the U axis to be ground potential. We also assume the wave speed is the same, above and below ground potential, and it is a fair assumption that this wave will travel in a straight line.

In the following example we shall analyse the exact same wave, but this time seen by an observer at some elevated potential. This time we have \(\psi(U,t)=sin(2\pi{t})-0.8\) featuring a sine wave which is highly asymmetric around the ground potential axis. As above we now concider the wavespeed at the peaks and the troughs of the wave and realise accoring to

*ground potential*theory, that the wave speeds must differ.

*Ground potential*theory says, that the relative velocity between two bodies is;

\[v_{rel}=c{(\frac{\Delta\phi}{\Phi})}\]

So when we now concider \(\Delta\phi\) to be the difference between the observers potential and the wave trough or the difference between the observer and the wave peak, we see that the peak and the trough must have different speeds. This difference in velocity relative to the observer means the wave must curve. Now for a simple transverse wave in one dimension it is easy to visualise how this curvature looks, but in the case of a three dimensional spherical wave it becomes somewhat abstract.

Now if we were talking about radio waves or photons with a relatively long wavelenth and low energy this curvature is virtually nothing, but as the energy of the wave becomes bigger, the curvature may cause the wave to close in on itself thereby travelling in a complete loop.

Such a sine wave, travelling in a closed loop, will tend to be constructive or destructive, depending on the excact energy and curvature.

I propose therefore that the electron proton pair is such a wave, and that ground potential is highly assymmetric, thereby giving the proton it's mass and the electron it's speed. This also begins to explains why energy appears quantised and why only certain electron shells are available.

If found to be correct, it will force us to rethink the atomic model, as electrons can clearly not orbit the nucleus as currently believed, instead, each proton in the nucleus must have it's own associated electron wave.

In the coming weeks I shall attempt to plug in some real numbers and show that

*ground potential*is a viable theory of nature.

It is often said that any new theory must give a better result than the existing quantum theory, which everyone agrees is pretty darn good, but I would argue that even though the numbers in quantum electrodynamics work out, it has failed to explain the nature of force and the nature of matter.

The most shocking understanding from

*ground potential*is how the apperarance of the whole universe is a function of the observers potential.

Don't try and change the world, just change your little corner, and the rest follows.

Steven